Indoor Plants for Low Light Conditions

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       We regularly get asked about indoor tropical plants that will survive in low light conditions. As seasonal temperatures drop and daylight hours get shorter, many plant lovers move their passion for gardening indoors.


       Tropical plants brighten those dark winter months and can act as filters for stuffy air. Whether you live in a basement suite, dormitory, or hope to dress up areas with north facing windows, there are attractive plants that thrive in low or indirect light conditions. For your enjoyment, we've created a list of 20 popular houseplants suitable for your winter nest.



Common Name

Latin name

Lighting needs

Watering needs

 

 

 

 

Chinese evergreen

Aglaonema

low or indirect light

When soil is dry to the touch

Ferns bird’s nest

Asplenium nidus

filtered indirect light

Top inch of soil is dry

Ponytail palm

Beaucarnea recurvata

bright indirect

When soil is dry to the touch

Rex begonia

Begonia Rex

bright indirect

Top inch of soil is dry

Cathedral, prayer, zebra plants

Calathea varieties

low or indirect light

When soil is dry to the touch

Spider plant

Chlorophytum comosum

bright indirect

Slightly moist, but not wet

Coffee plant

Coffea rubiaceae

bright indirect

Slightly moist, but not wet

Dumbcane

Dieffenbachia

low light, bright indirect light

Top inch of soil is dry

Dragon tree

Dracaena marginata

low or indirect light

When 1-2 inches of soil is dry

Lucky bamboo

Dracaena sanderiana

low or indirect light

Roots can be placed in water. Change water weekly

Golden pathos or Devil’s ivy

Epipremnum aureum

low or indirect light

When soil is dry to the touch

English Ivy

Hedera Helix

low or indirect light

Before soil is dry to the touch

Prayer plant

Marantha leuconeura

low or indirect light

When soil is dry to the touch

Monstera

Monstera deliciosa

indirect light

Top inch of soil is dry

Boston fern

Nephrolepis exaltata

low or indirect light

When soil is dry to the touch. Mist occasionally

Baby rubber plant

Peperomia obtusfolia

low or indirect light

When soil is dry to the touch

Moth Orchid

Phalaenopsis ~ Moth Orchid

low light, bright indirect light

When orchid growing medium is dry to the touch

Heart leaf philodendron  

Philodendron Scandens

low or indirect light

Top inch of soil is dry

Snake Plant

Sansevieria trifasciata

low light, bright indirect light

Allow soil to dry between watering

ZZ plant

Zamioculcas zamiifolia

low light, bright indirect light

When 1-2 inches of soil is dry

 

 



Growing Garlic

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       Garlic, a staple in most kitchens, forms the basis for a variety of ethnic cuisines, hearty stews, dressings, and tapas. Garlic also serves a vital role in bolstering the immune system and is reported to lower blood pressure and help maintain heart health.  Once the gardener discovers how easy it is to grow, and how delicious the taste of homegrown garlic is, they might be hard pressed to purchase the sterile, radiated imported bulbs one often finds at supermarkets.

 

       The first step in growing delicious garlic is preparing your soil. Garlic has a long maturity time that ranges from 180 -210 days. Thus, garlic is usually sown in October, or at least six weeks before the soil freezes. Garlic bulbs do best in loose, compost-rich, and well drained soil. Prepare the soil by working in compost high in nitrogen. The addition of nitrogen-rich blood meal at a rate of 2 lbs per 100 sq ft. is recommended for bigger bulbs.

 

       Next, you need to select good quality seed garlic. Hardneck and softneck varieties are available at your local nursery, farmer’s markets; or select your best cloves from last summer’s harvest. Softneck bulbs generally produce smaller cloves in greater quantity and are longer keepers. Hardneck varieties produce fewer but much larger cloves per bulb. Select the largest cloves as they will produce the largest bulbs. Imported garlic from the supermarket will not work as they have been radiated for shipment and storage purposes.

 

       Plant cloves in rows, pointed end up approximately 1-2” deep and a good hand-span apart. Keep rows straight for the ease of hoeing weeds in the spring. If you’re looking for companion planting option, rumour states that roses love garlic. Garlic assists in the prevention of fungal diseases and repels most pests that are harmful to roses. I have been planting garlic beside my rosebushes for five years and the love affair is evident. If you use commercial pesticides on your roses, then it is not recommended to plant your garlic or any food crops in the vicinity. Mulch with straw or dried leaves before snowfall.

 

       In the spring, blades of garlic leaves will appear. When threat of frost has passed, gently remove the mulch and side-dress with a fertilizer high in nitrogen, bone meal or blood meal. Continue to feed every 3-4 weeks until May and keep rows free of weeds as they compete for nutrients and space. Water deeply every 7-10 days but do not let bulbs stand in waterlogged soil.

 

       Around late June, the garlic flower or scape will appear.  Once the scape begins to curl, cut them from the plant so that the plant’s energy is concentrated on the bulb and not on flowering. Garlic scapes are delicious and can be pickled or sautéed in butter. Be sure to pick them while tender or they become too woody to eat.

 

       Once the first two pairs of leaves die back, refrain from watering. When the third set of leaves turns brown, around the first week of July, dig up a bulb to assess readiness. Laying them out on a warm day allows them to dry out making it easy to brush off excess dirt. Finally bind them with twine and hang to cure in a well-ventilated area for a few weeks. Store in a cool, dry place Wooden boxes filled with straw or baskets work very well and ensure your garlic keeps for 6-8 months. That is, if those yummy jewels last that long.

 

       For the gardener wanting to take their garlic adventure to a whole new level, check out this comprehensive website from Rasa Creek Farms located in Lumby, B.C.

 

http://www.rasacreekfarm.com/home

 



Composting Basics

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       Growing a vibrant and abundant garden starts with good soil. Dogwood Nursery carries a variety of bulk and bagged soils, as well as soil amendments for creating that perfect mix. Whether you are growing healthy vegetables or tending to your prized pedigree rosebushes we have got what you need to foster success in the garden.

       For those however who wish to make the most of their yard and kitchen waste, composting is the way to go. Compost or “Black Gold” as it is often referred, is a fertile growing medium achieved through the breakdown of organic waste by layering the right combination and ratio of brown and green materials.

       Good compost is made up of a balance of carbon and nitrogen and promotes a healthy ecosystem for beneficial microorganisms. In terms of composting, carbon is referred to as brown materials and nitrogen as green. Brown and green materials can be defined as follows:


Brown (Carbon rich and dry materials)

Green (Nitrogen rich and moist materials)

 Dried leaves and grass

 Shredded newspaper

 Cardboard and paper egg cartons

 Shredded branches and twigs

 Wood chips, shavings, or sawdust

 Wood ashes

 

 Kitchen fruit and vegetable waste

 Eggshells

 Coffee grounds

 Manure (horse, steer, or chicken)

 Grass clippings

 Plant matter

 

       There is a mess of confusing information on the web about carbon and nitrogen ratios. For simplicity use a 2:1 ratio; two parts green and one-part brown and adjust or mix accordingly. For more comprehensive information on compost ratios visit http://www.homecompostingmadeeasy.com/carbonnitrogenratio.html

Or view this inspiring video by my favourite gardening guru Monty Don.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHk34txRg9w


What to Avoid:

       When collecting materials for your compost avoid using kitchen waste that contains, meat, bones, animal fats, oils, dairy products, or cooked food. Avoid allelopathic plant waste such as Black Walnut or Tree-of-Heaven and do not add diseased plants or invasive weeds that may go to seed.  While manure is beneficial to compost mix, do not add dog and cat feces or kitty litter. Also be sure that the neighbourhood raccoons are not using your compost pile as a latrine, (I speak from experience). Raccoon scat can transmit harmful diseases and should be carefully disposed of.


Getting Started:

       Choose containers and suitable location for your compost. Appropriate size of container may depend on amount of available waste and size of garden.

Designated compost bins and tumblers can be purchased at most yard and garden outlets. The Regional District of the Central Okanagan (RDCO) Waste Reduction Office usually hosts a composter sale every March on a first come first serve basis. https://www.regionaldistrict.com/your-services/waste-reduction-office/composting/composter-sale.aspx


       Large plastic stationary totes can be used for small-scale composting; or corrals made from recycled wood palettes and chicken wire for larger projects. Be sure to choose a sunny site to facilitate faster decomposition of materials.


Layering, Moisture and Aeration:

       Base layer should contain straw, shredded branches, or twigs to promote good aeration. Layer brown and green materials so that a balance of moisture and aeration can be achieved. Mix should be “sponge-like” but not sopping wet. If your mix is slimy, add more brown material. If mixture is too dry, add green material or use a watering can to moisten the mix. Be sure to turn the mix with a pitchfork every week.


Fast track your compost mix:

       One can fast track the decomposition by adding worms. Some garden centers carry composting worms. According to the RDCO website, the Red Wiggler worm eats its weight in waste every two days. https://www.regionaldistrict.com/your-services/waste-reduction-office/composting/worm-composting.aspx   If you do not have worms in your garden, see if they can be purchased in your area. http://www.cityfarmer.org/wormsupl79.html   Compost accelerators can also be added to speed up decomposition. Dogwood carries several Canadian-made products suitable for this job including Old Gardener’s ROT-IT and Orgunique’s Compost Activator.


Let nature do the rest:

       By providing the right materials and conditions, nature will work its magic to create a nutrient-rich humus that will improve the flavour and colour to your veggies and flowers.


       Some commercially available composts contain unknown toxins including grass clippings treated with chemicals and human biosolids. Creating your own compost not only reduces your household waste, it puts control in your hands about what goes into your compost mix.

 



 

Pet Friendly Tropical Plants

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       Some people love caring for houseplants. Plants provide us and our home environments with oxygen and aesthetic, natural beauty.  Some people love caring for house pets. Our furry friends provide unconditional love and entertain us with their quirky personalities. Some people love both, however not all houseplants are safe for our pets. So often we get requests for plants that are safe for dogs and cats, that it seemed appropriate to compile a list of pet friendly houseplants for our customer’s convenience.

       There are numerous lists of toxic and non-toxic plants available on the web and so we’ve provided a cross-pollination of those lists with emphasis on the top 20.  Please be advised that this list is not definitive, and that further research may be required for plants not listed here.


Top 20 Pet Friendly Houseplants

Top 20 Most Toxic Houseplants

 African Violet - Saintpaulia

 Areca Palm- Dypsis lutescens

 Baby tears – Soleirolia soleriolii

 Banana – Musa

 Blue Echeveria – Echeveria glauca

 Boston Fern – Nephrolepis exaltata

 Burro’s Tail – Sedum morganianum

 Calathea

 Christmas Cactus - Schlumbergera

 Friendship Plant – Pilea involucrata

 Haworthia

 Mosaic Plant -Fittonia albivenis

 Orchid - Orchidaceae

 Parlour Palm – Chamaedorea elegans

 Peperomia - Peperomia obtusifolia

 Prayer Plant – Maranta leuconeura

 Polkadot Plant – Hypoestes               phyllostachya

 Swedish Ivy – Plectranthus verticillatus

 Venus Fly Trap – Dionaea muscipula

 Wax Plant – Hoya carnosa

 Aloe Vera – Barbadensis miller

 Asparagus Fern – Asparagus             aethiopicus

 Coleus ampoinicus

 Chinese Evergreen - Aglaonema

 Chrysanthemum

 Cyclamen

 Devil’s Ivy or Pothos –                      Epipremnum aureum

 Dumb Cane – Dieffenbachia seguine

 Elephant ear - Caladium

 Ivy – Hedera helix

 Jade Plant - Crassula ovata

 Kalanchoe blossfeldiana

 All Lilies (including Peace, Calla      and Asiatic)

 Marijuana - Cannabis

 Oleander- Nerium oleander

 Philodendron

 Rubber Tree – Ficus elastica

 Sago Palm – Cycas revoluta

 Snake Plant – Sansevieria trifasciata

 Umbrella plant- Schefflera

 

     Please also be advised that this list applies to indoor plants. To learn more about plants in your garden that are harmful to pets, visit the following links:


https://spca.bc.ca/news/toxic-plants/

https://www.bobvila.com/slideshow/the-25-most-dangerous-plants-for-your-pet-51196

 

        As an aside, I have two curious felines that attempt to graze on my houseplants quite regularly. I've discovered that one enjoys cat grass while the other just loves catnip. If I provide both, I find they are less inclined to go after my tropical plants. Cat grass seed can be purchased at your local seed supplier and while catnip seed is also available, I find there is always plenty of it growing on the roadside or alleyways.

 



Why Plant a Pollinator Garden?

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       There are many aspects of our personal and environmental health that are being impacted by factory farming and climate change; and it may be that the “canary in the coalmine” are declining numbers of humble honeybees and native pollinators.


       So why are pollinators so important anyway? According to the Canada Agriculture and Food Museum, bees alone are responsible for pollinating a considerable number of our food crops. Without them our menu selections would be significantly reduced.


       The Western Producer recently shared research findings on how rising global temperatures may result in loss of fertility in bees. Honeybees however represent only a fraction of our overall pollinators.


       An article by the National Post states that while protections are in place to protect honeybees in Canada, native pollinators are in rapid decline. It goes on to state that while “wild bee species are responsible for ever one in three bites at the supper table...”, there are currently no measures in place to protect them.


       The Government of Canada reports over 700 species of pollinators native to Canada which in addition to bees include moths, beetles, butterflies, wasps and hummingbirds. Pollinators play a key role in food production which include tree and berry fruits, squash and melons, canola and alfalfa. Considering that agriculture plays a key role in the Okanagan’s economy, the health of pollinators should be a key concern to its citizens.


       While the Government of Canada is working with key stakeholders to mitigate industrial impacts on pollinators, citizens can take action in order to slow their decline. These actions include reducing the use of harmful pesticides or reading pesticide recommendations carefully to minimize contact; building and installing mason bee houses; and choosing plants that attract pollinators to your garden.


       Border Free Bees, a B.C. based public art initiative dedicated to “raising awareness of the plight of wild pollinators” offers citizens valuable resources on everything from bumble bees and mason bee house building to planting guides, with an opportunity for gardeners to become a Bee Ambassador.


       Pollinator friendly plants include Agastache, Beebalm, Butterfly Bush, Lavender, Milkweed, Sunflowers, and Thyme just to name a few. For a comprehensive list of pollinator friendly plants, visit http://borderfreebees.com/resources/

 



Deer Resistant Gardening

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

He who feeds a hungry animal, feeds his own soul” Charlie Chaplin 


       Anyone who has pets, or feeds wildlife might understand this sentiment, however when it comes to deer relishing the sweat equity in your garden it can be a bit soul shrinking.  To be honest, I love the furry critters more than I love my tulips but when they go after the prized perennials or vegetable garden, my charitable nature shrinks.  As urban developments continue to spread into wildlife territory, it is no surprise that deer forage in our gardens. They live here too. The best way to deter deer aside from high fencing is by selecting plants they do not favour. In general, deer stay away from highly aromatic foliage such as herbs, fuzzy or prickly foliage such as lamb’s ears and juniper, and ornamental grasses as they do not like the texture. While there are extensive deer resistant plant lists available on the web, the Okanagan Xeriscaping Association website wisely states that If they are really hungry, they eat almost any vegetation. Take deer-proof lists from other areas with a grain of salt – your local resident deer may not have read that publication!”

       With that in mind, a gardener can still create a stunning garden oasis that is less attractive to deer. Listed here is a curated list of flowers, perennials, and shrubs that deer generally avoid.

 

Annuals/Bulbs

Flowers/ Perennials

Ageratum

Antirrhinum majus (Snapdragons)

Begonia (Tuberous)

Calendula (Marigolds)

Delosperma cooperi (Purple Ice Plant)

Impatiens

Iris

Narcissus (Daffodils)

Pennisetum x advena (Purple Fountain Grass)

Snowdrops

 

Achillea (Yarrow)

Anemone hybrida (Japanese Anemone)

Artemesia (all varieties)

Aster alpinus (Goliath Aster)

Buddleia alternifolia (Fountain Butterfly Bush)

Brunnera

Cerastium (Snow-in-Summer)

Chrysanthemum superbum (Shasta Daisy)

Dicentra (Bleeding Heart)

Digitalis (Foxglove)

Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower)

Euphorbia poluchroma (Cushion Spurge)

Grasses

Gaillardia (Blanket Flower)

Helleborus (Hellebores)

Hemerocallis (Daylily)

Lavendula (Lavender)

Papaver Orientale (Oriental Poppies)

Perovskia atriplifolia (Russian Sage)

Rudbeckia hirta (Gloriosa Daisy)

Salvia (perennial types only)

Stachys byzantine (Lamb’s Ears)

Zantedeschia (Calla)

Vines

Clematis (all varieties)

 

Herbs

Ground covers

Shrubs

Allium tuberosum (Chives)

Lavandula (Lavender)

Mentha (Mint)

Nepeta cataria (Catnip)

Origanum vulare (Oregano)

Origanum majorana (Marjoram)

Rosemarinus officinalis (Rosemary)

Salvia officinalis (Sage)

Thymus (Thyme)

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Kinnickinik)

Erica (Heather)

Euonymus

Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff)

Geranium macrorrhizum (Cranesbill)

Gaultheria procumbens (Wintergreen)

Sedum cyaneum (Rose Carpet Stonecrop)

Juniperus (Juniper)

Thymus (Thyme)

Amelanchier (Serviceberry)

Berberis (Berberry)

Buxus (Boxwood)

Calluna vulgaris (Heather)

Cotoneaser

Ilex (Holly)

Juniperus

Kolkwitzia (Beauty Bush)

Syringa vulgaris (Lilac)

Mahonia (Oregon Grape)

Magnolia grandifloria (evergreen Magnolia)

Potentilla

Rhododendron

Taxus (Yew)

Yucca

 

For a comprehensive list including ornamental grasses and trees check out the following websites:

Okanagan Xeriscaping Association http://okanaganxeriscape.org/

Master Gardeners Association of British Columbia https://www.mgabc.org/content/deer-resistant-plants

Gardenworks https://www.gardenworks.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Deer-Resistant-Plants.pdf


 




Plant a Drought Tolerant Garden

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       Here at Dogwood Nursery, it’s been a banner year for plant sales with a bumper crop of new gardeners visiting our acres. A recent article published by the CBC refers to the current panic buying of plants and seeds at retail nurseries as a “pandemic gardening explosion.* It seems that with all the extra time people have on their hands, gardening is the new pandemic activity kin to baking sourdough bread and DIY. If a positive outcome could result from the Covid crisis, gardening certainly ticks all the boxes. Fresh air, exercise, home grown veggies, and a reconnection with nature. Not to mention a valuable home-school learning experience for children and youth. In addition to planting vegetables, many are planning colourful new annual beds, planting this year’s trendiest trees and other thirsty perennial favourites. While this spring's weather seems unseasonably cool, an article published by Accuweather on May 20, 2020 warns us that this summer’s forecast calls for hotter and drier conditions in B.C. and the Prairies than the seasonal norm. This means we are not only bracing for the predicted second pandemic wave, but also for potential drought conditions.


       Okanagan Waterwise, an outreach initiative of the Okanagan Basin Water Board reports that in the Okanagan 24% of our water usage is outdoor residential and that Okanaganites use twice as much water as the average Canadian. So, how do we as citizens address potential drought conditions and our excessive water consumption?  The Okanagan Basin Water Board and Okanagan Waterwise are working together with communities to address that question. The Make Water Work initiative offers tips on how to reduce water usage by pledging to take various actions including a dawn to dusk watering practice and xeriscaping.


       According to the Okanagan Xeriscape Association (OXA) , xeriscaping is defined as "gardening with the natural environmental conditions you live in rather than fighting against them."  When planning your garden scape this year, why not consider using drought tolerant plants that require minimal irrigation? OXA, a non-profit organization dedicated to providing xeriscaping information for Okanagan residents offers a comprehensive plant database and other resources for the conscientious gardener. To access their plant database visit http://okanaganxeriscape.org/plant-database


       Next time you visit Dogwood Nursery, be sure to visit the retail area featuring water wise and native plants. Stay safe.

 




Plant a Culinary Herb Garden

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       “Are you going to Scarborough Fair? Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme.”


       Who remembers the English ballad by Simon and Garfunkle from the 1960’s?  The lyrical Scarborough Fair evokes a sense of carefreeness and nostalgia, and so it’s interesting to note that the olfactory or “fifth sense” is more closely connected with memory than any of our other senses.  Amazing to think how certain aromas can transport us to the past. Who hasn’t smelled the mouth-watering aroma of a traditional homemade dish and experienced the nostalgia of past family gatherings or gained a sense of “home”?  

       As part of the process of preparing a home cooked meal, there’s something so satisfying about wandering to the garden plot or container garden and plucking your own culinary herbs, not to mention the cost saving aspect of it.  Herbs add a delicate beauty and substance to any veggie plot or decorative container. They release delicious aromas when brushed against or moved by a summer breeze, with the added benefit of repelling certain pests.  As well, an abundance of herbs can be dried and stored for flavour and aroma lasting well into winter.

       Whether you enjoy cooking traditional, ethnic fare, preparing marinade for a summer barbeque or a hearty winter stew; fresh or dried herbs are an invaluable resource to have on hand.


       Looking to plant your own culinary herb garden this summer? Here is a guide to the most common herbs to plant depending on your preferred fare.


French:  Bay, chervil, chives, tarragon, and fennel; or to make the classic Herbs de Provence blend combine thyme, savory, oregano, rosemary, marjoram, parsley and lavender.

Mediterranean: Basil, mint, rosemary, parsley, thyme, oregano, and sage.

Russian/ Eastern European: Dill, parsley, chervil, and sorrel.

Mexican: Cilantro, mint, parsley, oregano, marjoram and thyme.


       While many Eastern fares rely on spices originating from the Indian subcontinent such as peppercorns, nutmeg, cumin, cinnamon etc……, food from those regions can also be supplemented by herbs grown easily in our climate.


Indian: Cilantro (coriander), bay and mint.

Lebanese: Parsley, mint, oregano, and rosemary.

Thai: Cilantro, sweet basil, dill, lemongrass, and mint

 



Grow Your Own Food

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

        In times of uncertainty, whether it be worldwide pandemics or climate change, we often find ourselves concerned with things such as the safety and well being of our communities and loved ones; and of course the issue of food security. And so we should. To expect that food will always be readily available at the supermarket is to assume that our supply chains are infallible, which we are learning is not the case. While we may not be in direct control of global shifting sands, we can take a little control of our own food security by planting a vegetable garden. Historically, while some were taking up arms in global conflict, others were taking up shovels and hoes in order to reduce pressure on global food production. During World War I and II, Canada took up such "Victory Gardens" inspired by a similar movement in the U.S. "A Vegetable Garden for Every Home" became a popular mantra in urban centres where backyards were transformed for the purpose of food production. This gardening movement not only served to boost morale during uneasy times, it placed an ease on transport systems needed to ship the food staples.


        Amid the Covid-19 crisis and in a state of global lock down, how does one pass the time, keep positively engaged, reduce your family's carbon footprint and increase food security?  Plant a garden!


        Whether you've got ample space to plan out a substantial veggie plot, a few square feet for raised planters, or a patio for some basic container gardening, anyone can grow a bit of veg to supplement their food bill. With a bit of research and careful planning, the rewards of full hearts and bellies can be yours.

        Here are some things you will need to consider:

Space for a plot

  •     a well-drained site that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight per day
  •     planter boxes
  •     containers

Growing medium, compost and mulch

  •     seed starter mix and seedling trays
  •     well drained garden soil with compost
  •     mulch to inhibit weeds and retain moisture

Starter plants or seeds

  •     select healthy starter plants appropriate for your climate
  •     buy seeds from local plant nursery; heirloom or non-GMO if you wish to save your seeds for next     year.
  •      join a seed-exchange  
  •      save heirloom seeds from previous year

Tools

  •     shovel or spade
  •     hoe or weeder for weed control
  •     protective gloves
  •     hand tools for container gardening

Irrigation

  •     watering can for hand watering small planter boxes or containers
  •     drip irrigation for larger plots. Talk to our irrigation specialist for more detail.

Sunshine

  •     this renewable resource rises in the east daily
  •     track sun and shade areas of your plot and record how many hours a day the plot receives
  •     if you're growing plants indoor or starting seeds early, select indoor growing lights from a local supplier. I found an easy to use lighting system at Lee Valley Tools.
       

Fencing and supports

  •     bamboo stakes or supports for tomatoes, beans, peas etc….
  •     inexpensive netting or fencing materials to keep deer and other grazers out


        Naturally space is a consideration and those living in various strata may not have a plot with which to plant. Luckily most population centers have community gardens where individuals can plant their own plot. The Central Okanagan Community Gardens (COCG) has several dedicated plots throughout the Okanagan.   


       There are also not-for-profit organizations dedicated to food security by organizing volunteer gleans and reducing food waste.  A successful example is the Okanagan Fruit Tree Project.  In exchange for a few hours of volunteer labour, individuals can take home fresh fruit and vegetables, while the rest is donated to food banks, schools or vulnerable populations.

        If you're new to gardening or your space is limited, check out the concept of square foot gardening. This straightforward approach to gardening maximizes space for optimal production. I have found several helpful YouTube tutorials about square foot gardening. Check out this link to learn more: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jL5FtbS4Jeo  For more comprehensive gardening information, refer to this useful resource by British Columbia's own Brian Minter. https://mintergardening.com/resources/guides/


        On March 26, 2020, the Government of British Columbia updated their list of essential services to include establishments that support food production including plant nurseries and community gardens. This move on part of the government not only provides clarity around the definition of essential service, it gives plant nurseries a deeper sense of purpose and puts power into the hands of citizens eager to grow their own food.

 



Natural vs Artificial Trees

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       When getting into the spirit of Christmas, one of my single-most enjoyable holiday traditions is the procurement, setting up and decorating of the Christmas Tree, followed by the satisfaction of sitting back to enjoy my efforts with a cup of warm libation. Behold the tree decked with twinkly lights and decorations handmade or handed down.  And the heavenly coniferous smell of pine, spruce and fir which completes the picture.

       However, in an age of climate change and environmental concern, the question has been posed about whether it is more ethical to have a natural cut Christmas tree or an artificial one? I've asked myself this same question and thus embarked on a bit of research on the topic. I found countless articles and statistics that address practical, environmental and economic concerns. Below is a list of pros and cons based on the information I have found.

       If you're still stumped after considering the positive and negative impacts of either choice, then why not get a live potted tree? Yes, the cost and care is greater, but the satisfaction of planting the tree afterward makes for a worthwhile, long-term investment.

 Sources listed below


 Natural Cut

Pros

•   Traditional choice

•   Fresh coniferous scent

•   Tests have shown that properly hydrated trees are less of a fire hazard than artificial trees.  https://www.texaninsurance.com/blog/christmas-tree-standoff-round-one-artificial-trees/

•   Creates carbon dioxide/fresh oxygen exchange in the home

•   Purchase sustains local tree farms and plant nurseries. As of 2015 there were nearly 2,400 Christmas Tree farms in Canada which provides jobs and contributes to local economies, an industry valued over $78 million

•   Tree farms plant new trees to replace harvested ones each year.

•   Tree farms contribute to fresh oxygen production with an acre of trees producing enough oxygen for the daily needs of 18 people. It is estimated that a single farmed tree can absorb more than 1 tonne of CO2 in its lifetime

•   Can be recycled, mulched and composted at community Christmas tree drop-offs in an effort called "treecycling". Mulch can be used for hiking trails, playgrounds or for landscaping. The Okanagan Regional District offers a free drop-off at several locations. https://www.regionaldistrict.com/your-services/waste-reduction-office/programs-and-events/christmas-tree-chipping.aspx


Cons

•   Need to water and feed to maintain

•   Sheds needles

•   Potential fire hazard if not kept well hydrated

•   Need to purchase every year

•   Transporting or disposing can be a challenge for those without suitable vehicles.

•   Needs to be disposed of afterward.


Artificial

Pros

•   Don't drop needles/relatively mess-free

•   Saves money after initial purchase

•   Can be packed up and stored for years to come

•   Good for people allergic or sensitive to smells of conifers

•   Are treated with fire retardants*

 

Cons

•   Cannot be recycled

•   Artificial trees are made of PVC plastics with some older models containing lead. PVC is a petroleum-based,non-biodegradable plastic which means once it lands in the landfill, it's there forever releasing dioxins into the air and water. Dioxins pose serious health concerns to humans and animals.

•   Could break down into micro-plastics that eventually find their way into the water system

•   Approximately 85% if artificial trees are manufactured and shipped from China. The transport alone represents a significant carbon footprint.

•   Approximately 47 million dollar value of artificial trees were imported to Canada, 46 million from China, with remaining coming from Thailand, the US, Mexico and Vietnam.

•   *Are treated with fire retardants which are believe to be toxic.

•   Regardless of application of toxic fire retardants, various studies have shown that artificial trees are actually more flammable than natural trees and emit toxic gasses when ignited.

•   Storage challenge for those with limited space


Additional Sources:

https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/7-facts-and-figures-about-christmas-trees-in-canada-1.1192646

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_tree_production_in_Canada

https://earth911.com/home-garden/real-vs-artificial-christmas-trees/

https://edmontonjournal.com/opinion/columnists/opinion-how-backyard-christmas-tree-cycling-helps-nature

https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/what-on-earth-newsletter-christmas-trees-sustainable-1.4935098

  
  

 



  

DIY Holiday Planters

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       Looking for a festive project to deck your home entrance this holiday season? Or that one-of-a-kind hostess gift with that personal touch?
       With a few simple tools, some sand, selected boughs and prunings, you can fill any decorative pot with holiday colour that lasts throughout the season. Dogwood Nursery carries ready-made planters for your convenience. However, if you welcome the opportunity to create your own, we carry a variety of attractive and fresh boughs for your project.




You will need:
    •    A decorative pot. Choose one that is cold-weather appropriate
    •    Hand pruners
    •    Coated florists wire
    •    High temperature glue gun with extra hot glue sticks
    •    Gardening or protective gloves
    •    Assorted decorations such as reflective Christmas balls, glitter encrusted embellishments and wired ribbon.
    •    Clean sand. Enough to fill your decorative pot 3/4 full.
    •    Boughs from various conifers such as:
           •    Juniper
           •    Cedar
           •    Pine
           •    Silver Fir
           •    Spruce
           •    Cypress
     •    Prunings for contrasting colour and texture including:
           •    Dried Hydrangea blooms
           •    Red or Yellow Osier Dogwood twigs
           •    Curly willow
           •    Holly berry or Winterberry
           •    Oregon grape
           •    Rosemary or Bay Laurel prunings
           •    Pine or spruce cones

1.) Fill a clean decorative pot with sand leaving a few inches of space from the top for displacement of prunings. If you are working with a large pot, fill the bottom with woodwool or some other lightweight fill so that less sand is required. This will result in a lighter planter that will be easier to move.
2.) Prepare your greenery by pruning undesirable or excess foliage from the base stems. Reserve attractive pieces for finishing touches.
3.) Select a feature pruning that is sturdy, tall and will serve as a backdrop for remaining elements. Press deeply into the sand so that it holds firm.
4.) Select additional upright prunings and arrange in a radial pattern so that all branches fan out from the center.
5.) Add elements of contrasting colours and textures such as Curly willow, Dogwood twigs or Hollyberry. Secure elements so that the arrangement appears balanced.
6.) Use a hot glue gun or florist wire to fix pine cones or holiday decorations to the end of twigs, then press in between greenery Be sure to wear protective gloves.
7.) Add smaller prunings that have a draping nature around the base. Allow the prunings to drape in an outward fashion for a full and attractive finish.
8.) Fix decorative ribbon around the neck of the pot, or tie an attractive bow around one of the twigs.

 



Indoor Plants to Purify Your Home

Article courtesy of Rena Warren

       As winter closes in, our love for gardening moves indoors. While our indoor tropical plants may not necessarily produce blooms or food for us, they do provide a valuable service in terms of improving our indoor air quality. When doors and windows close for winter, how can we combat stuffy indoor air?

       A study conducted by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); in association with the Associated Landscape Contractors of America found that many indoor plants are vital in cleaning the air in our homes. The NASA Clean Air Study was conducted in an effort to clean the air in space stations and concluded that not only do plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, but that selected plants are effective in removing toxic chemicals such as benzene and formaldehyde from our air. These toxins are present in the off gassing of paints and glues in building materials as well as fire retardants in carpets and indoor furnishings.

Some of the most effective air filtering plants include:
    •    English Ivy
    •    Spider Plant
    •    Peace Lily
    •    Chinese Evergreen
    •    Bamboo Plant
    •    Heartleaf Philodendron
    •    Weeping Fig
    •    Elephant Ear Philodendron

       The study not only itemizes individual plant effectiveness in the removal of toxins, it also indicates which plants are toxic to our pets.
To learn more about the study and view a comprehensive list of air filtering plants visit the following websites:

https://archive.org/details/nasa_techdoc_19930072988

 




Planting for Vivid Autumn Colour


Temperatures are dropping and blooms fading, but don't despair. There is much to plant for a striking autumn colour display.


Dogwood Nursery carries perennials, shrubs and trees that boast brilliant yellows such as Prairie Spire Ash, Golden Globe Cedar and Gingko Biloba.


Get your fiery oranges from Pacific Brilliance Pin Oak, Tiger Eye Sumac, a variety of Maples or Chinese lanterns.

Hot reds that can be found in Autumn Blaze Maple, Burning Bush; as well as selected Blueberry and Barberry.


Dogwood also carries plant varieties that have unusual, variegated colour such as Porcelain Vine, Coral Bells, Hydrangeas, Smoke Bush and Staghorn Sumac. These and many, many more seasonal showstoppers are awaiting you at Dogwood Nursery.


Seed Sowing for Spring

Looking for seeds appropriate for fall planting? Gardeners can get ahead on their spring planting with these selected varieties from Pacific Northwest Seeds. Alyssum, Calendula, Columbine, Coreopsis, Cosmos, Delphinium, Larkspur, Lobellia, Nasturtium, Nigella, Sweet Pea, Sweet William are among those varieties that can be planted before autumn frost; or can be sown indoors 4 - 10 weeks before last expected spring frost*   


Pacific Northwest Seeds are available in our retail department at Dogwood Nursery.


*sowing time depends on specific variety. Check your seed package for specific instructions.